Animateur du thème 1
IRD, UMR Eco&Sols, Laboratoire des RadioIsotopes, BP 3383, Route d'Andraisoro, 101 Antananarivo, Madagascar
Téléphone : +261 (0)32 41 506 91
Site web : www.researchgate.net/profile/Eric_Blanchart
Thesis in ecology at Rennes in 1990, HDR (Accreditation to supervise research) in life sciences at Montpellier in 2006.
Posts held: Lamto Tropical Ecology Station, Ivory Coast (1986-1988), French Institute of Pondichéry, India (1991-1992). Joined the IRD in 1993 and appointed to Martinique (1993-2002), Montpellier (2002-2012) and then Madagascar (2013-2017)..
Closely involved in teaching in Montpellier (University, Montpellier SupAgro as Consultant Professor 2009-2012) and in Madagascar (University, School of Agronomy)..
My research is part of the study of macrofauna functions in tropical soils in interaction with the other soil biotic components with respect to a certain number of ecosystem services provides by the agrosystems. It sets out to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms through which soil engineers affect primary production services, nutrient recycling, provision of habitats (for the microorganisms) and climate regulation through carbon sequestration.
My current research programme concerns the study of the role of fauna activities on organic matter dynamics, N and P nutrient flows and greenhouse gas flows, mainly in Madagascar where I have been working since February 2013.
I also aim to propose innovations in tropical agriculture based on the intensification of soil ecological processes.
Blanchart E., Marilleau N., Chotte J.L., Drogoul A., Perrier E. & Cambier C. (2009) SWORM: an agent-based model to simulate the effect of earthworms on soil structure. European Journal of Soil Science, 60: 13-21. IF=3.487
Chapuis-Lardy L., Ramiandrisoa R.S., Randriamanantsoa L., Morel C., Rabeharisoa L. & Blanchart E. (2009) Modification of P availability by endogeic earthworms (Glossoscolecidae) in Ferralsols of the Malagasy Highlands. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 45: 415-422. IF=3.145
Razafindrakoto M., Csuzdi Cs. & Blanchart E. (2011) New and little known giant earthworms from Madagascar (Oligochaeta : Kynotidae). African Invertebrates, 52 : 285-294. IF=0.467
Bernard L., Chapuis-Lardy L., Razafimbelo T., Razafindrakoto M., Pablo A.L., Legname E., Poulain J., Brüls T., O’Donohue M., Brauman A., Chotte J.L. & Blanchart E. (2012) Endogeic earthworms shape bacterial functional communities and affect organic matter mineralization in a tropical soil. The ISME Journal, 6 : 213-222. IF=9.438
Scopel E., Triomphe B., Affholder F., Macena da Silva F.A., Corbeels M., Valadares Xavier J.H., Lahmar R., Recous S., Bernoux M., Blanchart E., Mendes I.C., de Tourdonnet S. (2012) Conservation agriculture cropping systems in temperate and tropical conditions, performances and impacts. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 113-130. IF=4.369
Jouquet E., Blanchart E. & Capowiez Y. (2014) Utilization of earthworms and termites for the restoration of ecosystem functioning. Applied Soil Ecology, 73 : 34-40. IF=3.105
Coulis M., Bernard L., Gérard F., Hinsinger P., Plassard C., Villeneuve M. & Blanchart E. (2014) Endogeic earthworms modify soil phosphorus, plant growth and interactions in a legume-cereal intercrop. Plant and Soil 379 : 149-160. IF=3.528
Henneron L., Bernard L., Hedde M., Pelosi C., Villenave C., Chenu C., Bertrand M., Girardin C. & Blanchart E. (2015) Fourteen years of evidence for positive effects of conservation agriculture and organic farming on soil life. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 35: 169-181. IF=4.369
Trap J., Bonkowski M., Plassard C., Villenave C. & Blanchart E. (2015) Ecological importance of soil bacterivores for ecosystem functions. Plant and Soil. Marschner Review. DOI 10.1007/s11104-015-2671-6.
Salomé C., Coll P., Lardo E., Metay A., Villenave C., Marsden C., Blanchart E., Hinsinger P., Le Cadre E. (2015) The soil quality concept as a framework to assess management practices in vulnerable agroecosystems: a case study in Mediterranean vineyards. Ecological Indicators, sous presse.